Roses are perennial shrubs that can be grown all year round, but spring and autumn are best suited. Besides, this is also a symbol of love, the eternity of soul beauty, so it is favored by many people. However, to grow a beautiful flower pot is not an easy thing. If you have good planting and care techniques for roses, the plant will produce many flowers with vibrant and fresh colors.
Preparation steps before planting roses
Preparing the necessary items is a very important step, a premise to have a pot or a bunch of roses that flower and grow well.
Selection of rose varieties
There are many ways to grow roses, the most common of which are from seeds, cuttings, separating bushes or from nursery seedlings. However, it is recommended to choose seedlings that are available from nursery owners, especially those that are stout, lush, with many branches and leaves because the survival rate will be higher and it will not take much time.
Prepare the soil before planting roses
Although roses are easy to live plants, can grow in many different types of soil, but if you want to take care of roses with many flowers, you should choose to plant them in loose, well-drained soil that does not allow water to stagnate. damage the roots. Growers can buy ready-made soil or can also mix soil with decayed organic fertilizers such as earthworms, coir …
Choosing a pot for a rose plant
After choosing a planting location, next you need to pay attention to how to choose a pot. You should choose a pot suitable for the age and size of the persimmon tree. If it is a mature persimmon tree, large stems, high water requirements, then planting in a large pot will help keep moisture for a long time. And if only to plant new rooting cuttings and still weak, you should choose a small pot, so that not too much water will cause the roots to rot. Ideally, pots with a height of 30cm, and a diameter of about 40cm.
Placement of the rose tree
Roses are plants that prefer to live in airy and sunny conditions. Houses in big cities today are often obscured, lack of light, so plants are susceptible to diseases, poor flower quality, and poor productivity. Therefore, you should choose a place to plant roses in the direction of morning sunlight or direct sunlight, avoiding harsh sunlight.
How to grow a rose plant
As you know, there are many ways to grow roses such as growing from seeds, growing by cuttings, separating bushes or from nursery seedlings. Here, I would like to share one of the most effective and easy ways to grow roses, which is to plant roses with pre-incubated seedlings. Let’s start doing it together.
First, line the bottom of the pot with a little dry charcoal or gravel for good drainage, creating ventilation to avoid root rot. then put the prepared soil rich in nutrients in 2/3 pot.
Next, drill a main hole that is the right size for the potting soil of the plant and put the tree in, cover with a layer of soil about 8/10 of the pot. When planting, press firmly with your fingers so that the roots do not come loose. Leave in a cool place for 3-5 days, water very little, just keep the soil moderately moist. Then bring it to the sun and increase the amount of watering.
You can put a stick in the middle of the pot to help the plant stand firm when there is a strong wind, avoiding affecting the young roots. Take extra care to add a few stakes around to protect the tree from some rodents like mice.
How to take care of roses
Fertilizing plants is an integral part of the process of planting and caring for roses. After planting 3-5 days, spray foliar fertilizer to help the plant develop good roots to help flowers have vivid colors. From 10-15 days when the plant takes root and emits young leaves, apply Dynamic granules, bat droppings around the base of the tree and then water to help the plant absorb nutrients well, use a teaspoon to quantify fertilizer for safety. whole. Alternately combine once a month for foliar fertilizer and root fertilizer. Absolutely do not water the flower with fertilizer, it will make the flower fade quickly.
Roses are water-loving plants, so they need to be regularly replenished with water. The main cause of yellowing and falling leaves is due to lack of water. You should water the plants with a light sprinkler evenly in the morning, on hot days, you should water more plants in the cool afternoon but not too late, avoiding the case that leaves and buds are still wet overnight, which is easy to create an environment for pests. develope. A small tip to you “rice water” also contains a lot of nutrients that are beneficial for plant growth.
When the tree has grown well, many branches and branches are crowded together, you should regularly cut off damaged branches and leaves. When cutting, you need to cut the tops off and add two more layers of leaves to give the rose tree the power to pierce new branches, from each end of which branches will produce new flower buds.
Preventing pests that damage rose plants
Growing in low light conditions, too much watering or too humid environment are the main causes of disease in roses. The fungal diseases or the attack of harmful insects will cause the tree to gradually decline. Some of the information below will help you “get your pulse” and prevent your rose garden from pests.
Powdery mildew disease
The location is often found on young leaves, the leaves are flat, they grow very quickly, causing deformed leaves, dry stems, dead plants, you can use Score 250 ND or Anvil 5 SC to treat this disease for the tree.
Black spot disease
When the leaves are yellow and fall off in bulk, the appearance of spots on both sides of the leaves are signs of black spot disease. Special drugs for this disease are Daconil 500 SC, Copper Oxychloride 30 BTN, Anvil 5 SC.
Infected leaves have yellow-orange spots, or brick red like the color of rust, insecticides are Kocide, Vimonyl 72 BTN, Daconil 500 SC.
The most common disease of rosemary is aphids. Temperatures of 20 – 22 degrees Celsius, high humidity (75% – 80%) are ideal conditions for aphids to grow and multiply. They are red, blue or gray in color, often concentrated mainly on the sprouts, flower buds and tops. When the number of bedbugs appears not much, instead of using Supaside 40 ND with 0.15% concentration, Supathion, Thiodal to destroy them, we can do it in the following way, both effective, easy to find, and just right. Economical savings: you use a cotton pad, absorb water and lightly cover the areas with bedbugs, bedbugs will be attached to the cotton pad. Very simple, right ? Be persistent in doing 3-5 days to get rid of bed bugs.
The hobby of playing roses is elegant but also very elaborate. In order to get satisfactory rose bushes, giving off a fragrant aroma that makes the spirit refreshing after hours of tiring work, it requires meticulousness and care of the grower. Hopefully this article of AnCu Life will help you understand more about how to plant, care for rose plants and prevent pests so that the plants not only stay green but also bloom all year round.