Orchids are extremely beautiful flowers with countless colors and shapes. Orchids are precious flowers with extremely high value, a flower can cost up to tens of thousands or hundreds of thousands of dollars. But to grow and take care of orchids is not a simple matter, which may also be the reason why this flower is so expensive. Today AnCu Life will guide you how to plant and care for orchids correctly.
Orchid is a plant that originates from the deep forest. Depending on different forest environmental conditions, different types of orchids have different adaptations. To plant and take care of orchids in general to be healthy and to bloom beautifully, you need to ensure favorable conditions for orchids to grow. With the most important factors mentioned such as light, watering, growing medium, humidity and partial fertilization for plants.
Pay attention to the design of the orchid garden
With growing and caring for orchids, whether amateur or professional or for business, choosing and designing a garden is the first and most important step.
For ordinary orchid players: you can choose high and cool places such as terraces, porches or on the railings to grow this orchid. One note you should consider is that houses in this location will often be hotter and drier due to the effect of the concrete structure. If possible, you should place other large pots to shade from the sun and provide moisture in the air for orchids.
For orchid business households, it is necessary to design sturdy and durable orchid gardens that can withstand even storms. Above the garden, it is necessary to design more sunshades with double-layer black nets to help prevent sunlight for orchids. Truss for placing pots made of iron, hanging truss made of bamboo or iron pipes. Around the garden, it is necessary to build a strong fence or fence with B40 net. Design planting rows in the north-south direction to be perpendicular to the path of the sun. The orchid pots need to choose the same size, the same breed, the same age, arranged in each area for easy care. Irrigation water must be clean, with a groove under the orchid to create a cool climate for the orchid garden.
Choose the right orchid variety
If you are new to planting, you should plant orchids that are easy to live, thrive and bloom continuously. Some easy-to-grow orchids you can consider choosing to plant are Orchid, Orchids, Dendrobium etc. These orchids are easy to care for and flower quite beautifully.
Orchid seedlings grown today are usually selected by tissue culture or sprout separation from the mother plant. In general, the orchid tissue culture medium is usually at a temperature of 22-27 degrees Celsius. With light intensity suitable for each type and pH 5-7
Before planting, most orchids in general need to be treated with antibacterial and fungal solutions and stimulate root growth. Orchid tissue can be disinfected with Starner 20 WP inoculated with Clorox or Hipochloritcalci, adding growth regulators.
Often growing and propagating orchids by sprouting can be separated from large pots of orchids. Each base has 2-3 branches, When separating you use a sharp knife disinfected with alcohol and cut the sprouts. Then apply lime to the cut to quickly heal the scar.
Choose a growing medium
The most popular orchid growing medium is from driftwood and terracotta pots. The medium inside the pot can be wood charcoal, coconut fiber, peanut shells or coco. etc. When preparing, you need to put chopped wood charcoal with the size of 1x2x3cm and must be soaked, washed and dried. Shredded coconut fiber, you should soak for about 1 week to reduce the amount of tannin and salt. Coconut shells you remember to cut into small pieces like coal and then soak in 5% lime water to kill the fungus.
In addition, it is important to choose a pot suitable for the type of plant and should choose a terracotta pot with many openings next to it.
The art of growing orchids in general
With each different type of orchid, there will be different planting methods, but there will be many things in common. If you use orchid seedlings as a tissue transplant, as soon as the orchid tissue reaches 4cm high, you should move it out and wash it and put it on a pot of cool water for the seedlings.
When you plant you proceed to get the coir bundles around the tissue culture and use the wire to wrap it up on top of the truss. After about 6-7 months of planting, you can transfer the plant to a small pot. At this point, the tree has a height of 30cm and you continue to move to a large pot to plant. After each potting, once a week fertilize the plant. If growing orchids to play, long-term flowering orchids need to be removed from the pot, cut off the old and too long roots, switch to a new pot, replace the new substrate, the orchid will grow well and flower again.
How to care for orchids to bloom beautifully
Orchids in general are easy to grow and easy to care for, but it is not uncommon for plants to be difficult to grow and have a rather feisty temperament. To take care if we ensure favorable conditions for orchid development. The most important factors for orchids are light, water, humidity, pot or medium and nutrition.
It can be said that the intensity of light has a great influence on the development and reproduction of orchids. If there is a lack of sunlight, your orchid will grow tall, but weak and small, not fat and the leaves are usually dark green, so they are susceptible to attack by pests and diseases.
– If there is too much sun, the plant will easily turn yellow and have many wrinkles. Flowers will bloom early and when the plant is young, the flowers will be short and underdeveloped.
– Depending on the age of the orchid that we light accordingly. Some typical orchids are less sun-tolerant such as Phalaenopsis orchids that can withstand 30% sun, Cattleya orchids with about 50% sunlight and Vanda narrow-leaved orchids that can withstand about 70% sunlight.
– Sunlight depends on the stage of development. Young orchids from 0 to 10 months, you only need to light about 50%, orchids younger than 12 months to 18 months can withstand up to 70% light and the time of flowering needs more lighting.
Fertilizer regime for plants
In growing orchids, fertilizing orchids is necessary, sometimes mandatory for some fastidious orchids that are highly nutritious. Once the orchid has enough nutrition, the orchid will grow green, the leaves and pseudobulbs will be fat and the flowers will bloom more evenly and beautifully.
According to research on the nutrition of orchids in general, orchids need to provide about 13 types of mineral nutrients and belong to groups, multi, medium and micro. Macronutrients include Protein (N), Phosphorus (P) and Potassium (K). Intermediate nutrients include Sulfur (S), Magnesium (Mg) and Calcium (Ca). Micronutrients include Iron (Fe), Zinc (Zn), Copper (Cu), Manganese (Mn), Bo (B), Molybdenum (Mo) and Chlorine (Cl).
If in the process of growing orchids is lacking or unbalanced, the orchid will not be able to grow well. Orchids need fertilizer but cannot tolerate high nutrient concentrations. Currently, foliar fertilization is the best and most effective work for most orchids.
General principles when fertilizing orchids
The general rule is that orchids in the period of strong leaf growth need high nitrogen, low phosphorus and potassium, before flowering need high phosphorus and potassium, low nitrogen while blooming orchids need high potassium, phosphorus and lower nitrogen.
Watering mode for orchids
Orchids are native to deep forests where the temperature is cool and the humidity is high, so watering the orchid is essential. Orchid lack of water will wither and pseudobulbs will shrivel. If there is too much water, the tree will be rotten, especially with orchids that grow close together in a bush.
Requires water source for orchids that are not contaminated with alum, salt and other impurities. The best pH for orchids is about 5-6. When watering should be watered in the early morning or cool afternoon, avoid watering in the afternoon when it is hot. After unusual rains, especially the first rain of the season, it is necessary to re-water immediately to wash away the residues on the leaves.
Preventing pests and diseases for orchids
Most orchids prefer cool and clean conditions. Orchids are also susceptible to pests and diseases, especially under poor care and unfavorable environmental conditions.
Depending on the type of pest, there are different treatment methods. All kinds of sprays for orchids have the dosage and spray concentration listed on the product packaging label.
Above is the knowledge about beautiful orchids – the simplest guide to planting and caring for orchids for your reference. Hopefully the above knowledge will help you own beautiful large orchid pots and long lasting flowers.