Healthy Living

How do UV rays damage the skin?

Prolonged exposure to the sun makes the skin worse, acne, tan, sunburn, freckles, aging, even cancer.

According to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), a UV index ranging from 0-2 is considered low, while a UV index of 8-10 has a burn time of 25 minutes. An index of 11 or more is considered extremely high, dangerous, the risk of skin damage, eye burns if exposed to the sun for about 15 minutes without protection.

Doctor said that the skin is a protective shield and regulates body temperature. When the sudden temperature change with the temperature difference is too high, sweat and oil are secreted more, creating conditions for dust and bacteria to penetrate and clog pores leading to acne. Worse is the condition of heat stroke, fainting… if you stay out in the sun for too long.

In addition, when the weather is hot, the intensity of UV rays is high, the heat in the body increases, causing more toxins to accumulate, making skin conditions worse such as acne, sunburn, sunburn.

A doctor said that the skin that is exposed to the sun a lot is prone to burns and blisters due to UVB rays. These symptoms may not appear immediately, but take about 5 hours later. Sunburns can be prevented by using sunscreen every day and limiting sun exposure when the UV rays are most intense (between 10am and 2pm).

In addition to us, UV rays can cause tanning, aging, appearance of freckles, rough skin, loss of elasticity. Overexposure to the sun can also lead to cancer. UV rays are also especially dangerous for sensitive skin such as children’s skin, skin damaged by acne.

Doctors recommend, people need to pay more attention to skin care when the hot season changes. Simple home remedies like washing your face twice a day, exfoliating, moisturizing, sunscreen regularly. Add water, green vegetables, fruits, avoid fatty foods or fried, hot spicy foods..

Should choose a product with an SPF of 30 or higher, if you go to the beach, you should choose a sunscreen with a sun protection factor of 50 or higher. Should not choose a cream with too high a sunscreen content, an index of up to 100 may cause irritant dermatitis, skin allergies and reduce the stable effectiveness of the product. The best time to apply the cream is 15-20 minutes before going out and reapply after two hours of use.

In addition, during the epidemic, you have to wear a mask a lot and often … easy to cause acne, oil secretion, clogged pores. Therefore, you need to moisturize with cream and choose the right cream for your skin. Regularly use mineral spray to soothe the skin and reduce sweat and sebum on the face.

If your skin is sunburned, sunburned, you can apply cold linen to the damaged skin and use products that cool and soothe the skin. Drink plenty of water and avoid sun exposure during recovery. If you have blistering, pain, and inflammation for a long time, you need to go to the hospital for a doctor to check and treat soon.

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